Question: What Are The Five Killer Diseases?

What are the 8 killer diseases?

These include: Tuberculosis, Diphtheria, Whooping cough, Tetanus, Polio, Hepatitis B, Haemophilus influenza, Pneumonia, Measles and Rotavirus..

Which is the biggest disease in the world?

The world’s biggest killer is ischaemic heart disease, responsible for 16% of the world’s total deaths. Since 2000, the largest increase in deaths has been for this disease, rising by more than 2 million to 8.9 million deaths in 2019.

What is the rarest disease on Earth?

RPI deficiency According to the Journal of Molecular Medicine, Ribose-5 phosphate isomerase deficiency, or RPI Deficinecy, is the rarest disease in the world with MRI and DNA analysis providing only one case in history.

Can any disease be cured?

Some diseases can be cured. Others, like hepatitis B, have no cure. The person will always have the condition, but medical treatments can help to manage the disease. Medical professionals use medicine, therapy, surgery, and other treatments to help lessen the symptoms and effects of a disease.

What are the top 5 preventable deaths?

The estimated average number of potentially preventable deaths for the five leading causes of death in persons aged <80 years were 91,757 for diseases of the heart, 84,443 cancer, 28,831 chronic lower respiratory diseases, 16,973 cerebrovascular (stroke), and 36,836 unintentional injuries ( ...

What are the 6 killer diseases?

These six are the target diseases of WHO’s Expanded Programme on Immuni- zation (EPI), and of UNICEF’s Univer- sal Childhood Immunization (UCI); measles, poliomyelitis, diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), tetanus and tuberculosis.

What’s the deadliest disease in human history?

Cholera, bubonic plague, smallpox, and influenza are some of the most brutal killers in human history. And outbreaks of these diseases across international borders, are properly defined as pandemic, especially smallpox, which throughout history, has killed between 300-500 million people in its 12,000 year existence.

How many diseases are in the human body?

There are four main types of disease: infectious diseases, deficiency diseases, hereditary diseases (including both genetic diseases and non-genetic hereditary diseases), and physiological diseases. Diseases can also be classified in other ways, such as communicable versus non-communicable diseases.

What race has the most genetic disorders?

Examples of genetic conditions that are more common in particular ethnic groups are sickle cell disease, which is more common in people of African, African American, or Mediterranean heritage; and Tay-Sachs disease, which is more likely to occur among people of Ashkenazi (eastern and central European) Jewish or French …

What is Stone Man Syndrome?

Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP), also known as stone man syndrome, is a severely disabling and catastrophic-inherited disorder of connective tissue characterised by congenital malformation of the great toes, thumbs and vertebrae associated with progressive ossification of striated muscles.[1,2] In such …

What is the number one cause of preventable disease?

Tobacco remains the leading preventable cause of death in this country and in the world. Tobacco use is a major factor in four out of the five leading causes of death: heart disease, cancer, lung disease and stroke. It causes about a third of heart disease and cancer, and most emphysema.

What are common illnesses?

Common IllnessesChest Cold (Acute Bronchitis) Cough, mucus.Common Cold. Sneezing, runny or stuffy nose, sore throat, cough.Ear Infection. Ear pain, fever.Flu (Influenza) Fever, cough, sore throat, runny or stuffy nose, body aches.Sinus Infection (Sinusitis) … Skin Infections. … Sore Throat. … Urinary Tract Infection.

What disease affects the body as a whole?

A systemic disease is one that affects a number of organs and tissues, or affects the body as a whole.

What are the top 3 deadliest diseases?

Summary. In 2018, the five deadliest illnesses in the U.S. were heart disease, cancer, lung disease, cerebrovascular disease, and Alzheimer’s disease. The other leading causes of death due to disease were diabetes, influenza and pneumonia, and kidney disease.

Which disease has no cure?

Progeria – Progeria has no cure and a very small amount of treatments. However, there is a medicine in the making that is undergoing testing and trials that may lead to a cure. The disorder usually leads to death at a young age. Polio – While there is a vaccine to prevent polio, there is no cure for it.

What diseases have been cured?

To date, the World Health Organization (WHO) has declared only 2 diseases officially eradicated: smallpox caused by variola virus (VARV) and rinderpest caused by the rinderpest virus (RPV).

Which disease is Immunised at birth?

All babies should get the first shot of hepatitis B vaccine within first 12 hours after birth. This shot acts as a safety net, reducing the risk of getting the disease from you or family members who may not know they are infected with hepatitis B.

What’s the worst sickness?

Read on to see the top 10 diseases causing the most deaths worldwide, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) .Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. … Trachea, bronchus, and lung cancers. … Diabetes mellitus. … Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias. … Dehydration due to diarrheal diseases. … Tuberculosis. … Cirrhosis.More items…

Is Ebola virus curable?

There is no cure or specific treatment for the Ebola virus disease that is currently approved for market, although various experimental treatments are being developed. For past and current Ebola epidemics, treatment has been primarily supportive in nature.

What diseases are hereditary?

They are not passed down from parent to child, as is the case with a hereditary disease.Sickle Cell Disease. Sickle cell disease is a hereditary disease caused by mutations in one of the genes that encode the hemoglobin protein. … Cystic Fibrosis. … Tay-Sachs. … Hemophilia. … Huntington’s Disease. … Muscular Dystrophy.

Is there a disease where you age backwards?

What Is Progeria? Progeria is also known as Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome (HGPS) or the “Benjamin Button” disease (named after the short story and movie ‘The Curious Case of Benjamin Button’). It’s a rare genetic condition that results in a child’s body aging rapidly. A mutation in the LMNA gene causes progeria.

What are the 10 most common diseases?

Heart disease. Share on Pinterest Many of the top 10 causes of death are preventable through lifestyle changes and regular checkups. … Cancer. Deaths in 2017: 599,108. … Unintentional injuries. … Chronic lower respiratory disease. … Stroke and cerebrovascular diseases. … Alzheimer’s disease. … Diabetes. … Influenza and pneumonia.More items…

What is the most preventable disease?

The Most Common Preventable Causes of DeathHeart Disease.Cancer.Chronic Lower Respiratory Diseases.Stroke.Unintentional Injuries.

What disease kills the fastest?

Flesh Eating Bug. This bug can quickly sweep through the body eating the body’s soft tissue. … Cholera. This is an intestinal disease caused by eating contaminated water or food and can kill anyone within hours. … Enterovirus D68. … Bubonic Plague. … Ebola. … Dengue Fever.

What has killed the most humans in history?

Wars and armed conflicts with highest estimated death tolls of 100,000 or moreEventLowest estimateHighest estimateWorld War II60,000,000118,357,000Three Kingdoms36,000,00040,000,000Mongol conquests30,000,00057,000,000European colonization of the Americas8,400,000138,000,00047 more rows

What are preventable deaths?

Preventable causes of death are causes of death related to risk factors which could have been avoided. The World Health Organization has traditionally classified death according to the primary type of disease or injury.