Question: What Drugs Are Used During CPR?

What is the name of emergency drugs?

Emergency DrugsDrugIndicationHydrocortisoneAdrenal insufficiency Recurrent anaphylaxisMorphine or nitrous oxideAngina pain unresponsive to nitroglycerinNaloxoneReversal of opioid overdoseLorazepam or MidazolamStatus epilepticus3 more rows.

How do we perform CPR?

CPR steps: Quick referenceCall 911 or ask someone else to.Lay the person on their back and open their airway.Check for breathing. If they are not breathing, start CPR.Perform 30 chest compressions.Perform two rescue breaths.Repeat until an ambulance or automated external defibrillator (AED) arrives.

What drugs are used to restart the heart?

Given in conjunction with defibrillation shocks, the drugs — amiodarone or lidocaine — can help stabilize the heart beat after cardiac arrest in cases where the heart attack was witnessed and paramedics arrive in a timely fashion, the researchers found.

What are the five essential emergency drugs?

I. ESSENTIAL EMERGENCY DRUGSOxygen. Oxygen is indicated for every emergency except hyper-ventilation. … Epinephrine. … Nitroglycerin. … Injectable Antihistamine. … Albuterol (Salbutamol) … Aspirin. … Oral Carbohydrate.

What is atropine used for in emergency situations?

It is used in emergency situations when the heart beats too slowly, as an antidote to for example organophosphate insecticide or nerve gas poisoning and in mushroom poisoning. It can be used as part of the premedication before general anaesthesia.

What are resuscitation drugs?

Resuscitation drugs – Adrenaline – to improve coronary and cerebral bloodflow. – Amiodarone – an antiarrhythmic. – Magnesium sulphate – indicated in refractory VF if hypomagnesaemia is suspected.

What is high risk drugs?

High risk medications are drugs that have a heightened risk of causing significant patient harm when they are used in error. High risk medicines include medicines: with a low therapeutic index. that present a high risk when administered by the wrong route or when other system errors occur.

What drug do you give after epinephrine?

Because vasopressin’s effects haven’t been shown to differ from those of epinephrine in cardiac arrest, one dose of vasopressin (40 units I.V. or IO) may replace either the first or second dose of epinephrine. Vasopressin can be administered via ET tube, but evidence is insufficient to recommend a specific dose.

What is the most important drug in an emergency kit?

Epinephrine represents the most important drug in the emergency kit. Though (hopefully) rarely used, it must be available for administration as soon as possible in the event of an anaphylactic reaction (see Dr. Reed’s article on page 126).

What are the top 5 high alert medications?

The five high-alert medications are insulin, opiates and narcotics, injectable potassium chloride (or phosphate) concentrate, intravenous anticoagulants (heparin), and sodium chloride solutions above 0.9%.

What are the 2 main drugs used in resuscitation?

Understanding the drugs used during cardiac arrest responseAdrenaline. This is the first drug given in all causes of cardiac arrest and should be readily available in all clinical areas. … Amiodarone. … Lidocaine. … Atropine. … Additional drugs. … Calcium chloride. … Magnesium sulphate. … Miscellaneous drugs.More items…•

What are the 20 emergency drugs?

Adenosine.Amiodarone.Atropine.Dopamine.Epinephrine / Adrenaline.Naloxone.Magnesium sulfate.Sodium bicarbonate.

What is one example of a high alert medication?

Examples of high-alert medications include insulin, opioids, neuromuscular blocking agents, anticoagulants, and many others.

What are the 10 most prescribed drugs?

The Top 10 Most Common Drugs by Total PrescriptionsMetformin: 78.6 Million Prescriptions. … Amlodipine: 72.5 Million Prescriptions. … Metoprolol: 68 Million Prescriptions. … Omeprazole: 58.8 Million Prescriptions. … Simvastatin: 56.7 Million Prescriptions. … Losartan: 52 Million Prescriptions. … Albuterol: 50 Million Prescriptions.More items…•